As a parent, you wish you could protect your children from every disappointment, defeat, or scary challenge.
Although this isn’t possible, you can teach your children to be resilient.
Resilient children have grit. When they encounter a difficult problem, they try to solve it instead of giving up. When bad things happen, they quickly bounce back, ready to face the next challenge. When they make mistakes, they grow and learn from them. Resilient children are hopeful, optimistic, and strong.
So while you can’t shield your children from life’s difficulties, you can provide the tools they’ll need to navigate them successfully. Here are five tips to help you raise a resilient child.
Before you continue, we thought you might like to download our FREE When I Feel Worried Poster. Use this popular printable to make a plan with your child for when their worry shows up. Your child will have a list of their own coping strategies to calm their worry and anxiety.
1. Be a Supportive Role Model
According to the Center for the Developing Child at Harvard University, the “single most common factor” for children who develop resilience is at least one stable, committed relationship with a supportive adult role model.
In fact, says researcher Emmy Werner, the more positive adult connections a child has, the more resilient they will be. These relationships can be with grandparents, aunts and uncles, teachers, coaches, or any other positive adult in your child’s life. Foster and encourage relationships with strong and positive adults, and continue being the supportive role model your child needs.
Foster and encourage relationships with strong and positive adults, and continue being the supportive role model your child needs.
Your child watches and learns from everything you do, so model resilient behaviors. Be calm and consistent. Admit to your mistakes, but don’t agonize over them. Talk to your child about what you learned or how you can do better next time. You can also discuss how famous people paved their road to success through mistakes and failures.
Lynn Lyons, a psychotherapist specializing in working with anxious families, says modeling these positive behaviors can be particularly effective. Your child will learn that mistakes aren’t the end of the world, and that they can even be an opportunity to grow and improve.
Humor in the face of mistakes or difficulties is another positive tool you can model for your child, according to developmental psychologist Dr. Ashley Soderlund.
Think about how you want your child to handle challenges in life, and lead by example. Surround them with stable and positive adults, and they’ll learn to be strong and positive, too.
2. Let Children Make Mistakes
When your child does a hurried, poor job on a school project, you may feel a strong urge to help them improve or fix it. If you’re busy at work and your child calls to say they left their homework on the table, you may want to rush to the rescue.
As uncomfortable as it is to let our children make mistakes, this is one way that children develop resiliency. Lyons explains that if children never make mistakes, they’ll never learn how to fix their errors or make better decisions in the future.
Stephanie O’Leary, a clinical psychologist specializing in neuropsychology, agrees, explaining that experiencing failure helps children learn coping skills. Failure teaches perseverance and problem-solving. It causes children to think about their actions and how to avoid repeating these mistakes in the future. Yes, says O’Leary, the short-term results of preventing our children from making mistakes will be “more smiles and fewer tears.” But the long-term results may be weak coping skills and a lack of resilience.
In the real world, we won’t always be there to run interference for our children. As difficult as it is, we must learn to sometimes stomach our child’s temporary discomfort with the knowledge that this is the only way to build much-needed coping skills. Plus, it’s better to let our children make mistakes and learn from them now while the consequences are small — rather than later, when consequences become more serious.
3. Praise Children the Right Way
(see our detailed guide on how to praise your children)
Researcher Dr. Carol Dweck found that the way we praise our children can affect their mindset and their inclination to take on challenges and persevere. When we give our children praise like, “You’re so smart”, they develop a fixed mindset. With a fixed mindset, children believe that qualities like intelligence are personal characteristics that don’t change or develop. As a result, they may avoid challenges that will test their abilities.
Instead of giving “person praise” like, “You’re so smart,” or “You’re so creative,” try to give “process praise.” Focus on your child’s effort, as in, “I can tell you’ve been working really hard.” You can also give specific praise, like, “You really understand decimals!” Praising your child in this way can help them develop a growth mindset, believing that their abilities will grow through hard work and challenges.
When a child with a growth mindset makes a mistake, the child focuses on how to improve next time. When a child with a fixed mindset makes a mistake, they’re more likely to believe that failure is the result of personal characteristics, such as, “I can’t spell,” or “I’m just not good at math.” Encouraging your child to embrace a growth mindset will help them become resilient, persistent, and eager to tackle challenges head-on.
The Big Life Journal-2nd Edition is a great tool to guide your child (and you) on the growth mindset path. The real-life stories, writing prompts and questions help develop social and emotional skills (SEL) and growth mindset skills.
4. Teach Children to Manage Emotions
Managing emotions is key to developing resilience. In fact, researcher John Gottman says emotional coaching is the key to raising resilient and happy children. In his book “Raising an Emotionally Intelligent Child” — based on 30 years of research — Gottman outlines three steps to emotional coaching.
The first step is to teach our children that ALL emotions, even the worst ones, are okay. Negative emotions can be opportunities to learn about ourselves, grow, and learn how to cope with these feelings effectively. This step also involves helping your child label and validate his emotions. For example, you might say, “I understand you’re feeling angry because Joey wouldn’t let you play with his toys.”
The second step is to deal with bad behavior, if there is any, in order to set limits. For instance, if your child threw a tantrum, they would face the consequences at this point. Explain that your child is not in trouble for feeling angry; they’re in trouble for the way they handled their anger.
Finally, you problem-solve. Help your child brainstorm ways to fix the problem or to prevent it from happening again in the future.
Dr. Kenneth Barish, author of “Pride and Joy: A Guide to Understanding Your Child’s Emotions and Solving Family Problems,” also recommends taking 10 minutes at bedtime to discuss the day. During this time, you can repair moments of conflict or misunderstanding. Help your child put the day’s disappointments and perceived failures in perspective.
Ask your child if there’s anything they want to talk about, and patiently listen to their feelings. If there has been a conflict between you and your child, try to set aside your feelings and listen to their side of the story, then talk through it and work together to resolve the disagreement. As children learn to manage emotions in a healthy way, they will also learn to be more resilient. They will be able to deal with life’s challenges and disappointments with emotional maturity instead of tantrums, breakdowns, and giving up.
Don't forget to download our FREE When I Feel Worried Poster so your child has a list of their own coping strategies to calm anxiety and worry.
5. Teach Children to Problem Solve
Along the same lines, it’s important that we teach our children to effectively solve problems. When your child comes to you with a problem, help them brainstorm ways to address the challenge. For example, if your child is nervous about a test, talk through specific solutions like developing a study schedule, finding effective study strategies, and managing time. As you brainstorm, help your child consider what the results might be for each solution they propose.
Lyons states that we should give our children frequent opportunities to learn what works and what doesn’t. This means that we shouldn’t immediately rush to solve problems for our children or tell them the best solution. Trial and error is one of the best ways for our children to learn. This, too, is uncomfortable but necessary.
Children who know how to tackle challenges head-on will grow to be resilient. These children can take failures and disappointment in stride, knowing that these are only problems to be solved.
Sometimes, life can be confusing, challenging, and disappointing. As we send our children out into the world, we want to be sure we’ve given them the tools they need to solve problems, bounce back from challenges, and remain positive.
- Start by being an example of resilience for your child and surround them with other adults you feel are positive role models.
- Praise effort and improvement so your child will learn to embrace, rather than avoid, challenges.
- Foster independence in your child when it comes to making mistakes and solving problems. Letting go — even just a little — isn’t easy, but we need our children to learn to stand strong on their own.
- Teach your child that it’s ok to feel even the worst emotions, as long as they manage them appropriately instead of acting out or shutting down.
We can’t — and shouldn’t — keep our children in a bubble or hold their hands through life, but we can give teach them the extremely valuable tool of resilience.
Looking for additional resources to build your child's resilience? Be sure to check out our Best Sellers Bundle PDF (ages 5-11). It includes our three most popular printable kits packed with science-based growth mindset activities, guides, and crafts for children. With over 50 pages, this kit will help your children or students understand they have the capacity to learn anything.
10 thoughts on “How To Raise Resilient Children Who Never Give Up”
March 17, 2021 at 17:39pm
latonja sheard says:
March 17, 2021 at 17:39pm
September 4, 2019 at 09:45am
January 31, 2018 at 13:59pm
Kim Dellanzo says:
January 24, 2018 at 12:40pm
I understand this reply comes too late for the person asking the question, but maybe its helpful for someone reading it. First, I suggest that you reach for the root of the problem. He is crying out looking for someone who says he matters. Through words and actions speak that truth into him. Tell him he matters so much to you that you can’t allow him to continue hurting himself and others. Thats the idea that you frame your own words around the situation. The simple answer is love him where he’s at and work to move him where he needs to “become”. Affirm his importance while establishing that certain behaviors are unacceptable. The challenge is finding the true positive behaviors to encourage while setting those boundaries of unnacceptable behaviors and attitudes. Layout the law of the land if you will. He is old enough to understand how his consequences interfere with a successful classroom experience. Your job is to keep the entire classroom safe ( him included) and to prepare children to be ready for being successful grownups, to make learning fun etc etc. When his action effects that positive environment its your job to correct those behaviors to help him grow into an awesome person. Verbalize the consequences to the classroom environment and how a particular action effects the classroom balance or how it hurts him. I use to go even more foundational…it all relates to respect. While dealing with the necessary moments, try things that give him certain responsibilities in the classroom … jobs that carry importance and jobs that benefit the classroom or individual students – Get him engaged in the success of the classroom. Help move him from from self-centered to other centered. Help him discover his own unique importance. Apply those growth mindset principals. We all are growing future adults, its not just about filling a childs head with facts and rules. We want them to successfully navigate life and be in charge of orchestrating their unique purpose in it. Quick story, I had a young child who understood English, but wouldn’t speak it. She often did the same type of behaviors you described. Both parents worked full time jobs and mom was also pursuing a higher degree. I can imagine she didnt get much attention. I did very similar things that I mentioned above. I dealt with the negative as needed, but looked for things to give her responsibilty in the classroom, extra positive attention, delivered true accollades (affirming positive behaviors) as she did them no matter how small. I will never forget the day she intentionally spilled an activity all over the floor. I pulled her aside and told her, (name) I love you (gave her a little hug)and care about you too much to let you continue being so unhappy. Lets stop this. I need your help to stop this. Lets go clean up the mess. That was a pivotal point. A new girl emerged from that day forwarded. I think the hug and words, ‘I love you and care for you’ was the culmination to what I had been expressing to her all along. She may never have heard those words expressed. Why do I say this was the key?….because when I did that her whole contenance relaxed. I felt it leave. I did care for her. It was more than making her fall in line to make my job easier or the classroom run without difficulty. I didnt want forced compliance. I was helping to build a future adult. Now I dont know how much of that can be done today in the classroom, but one needs to work to demonstrate it in other ways…its foundational. Kids are perceptive. They need to know they matter, and they have a place of importance, especially if they are not getting it from home. I hope this helps provide some helpful tips and more importantly some foundational principals to use pro- actively for any situation you may come across.
The Big Life Journal podcast are very uplifting and POSITIVE for kids of all ages! I love this article because we all need a pep talk every once in awhile. I believe boosting our kids confidence is a step in the right direction. And the “I’ve Got This Board” is an exceptional teaching tool for the classroom. Thanks for sharing.
I found this thought provoking. And have a renewed resolve to be more deliberate about parenting.Thank you so much for putting this together.
I just love these simple steps that can be used at home and in the classroom. I feel I have to be a great parent in order to being an effective educator. Thanks for sharing.
Love this work . Fab resources too.